Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Electrochemical Energy Systems
Energy efficiency at its essence!
Fuel cells and electrochemical energy systems in general are a focus of our group since many years, starting from original work in the late 90s on hybrid Solid Oxide Fuel Cell-Gas Turbine (SOFC-GT) cycles for very high-efficiency energy conversion.
Research activities focus on high- and low-temperature electrochemical systems (i.e., SOFC, MCFC, PEMFC) for distributed and centralised high-efficiency power generation, as well as on hydrogen production through electrolysis (alkaline, PEM, SOE) and other low-CO2-emission processes. Moreover, reversible electrochemical systems are extensively studied as storage technologies associated with the production of synthetic fuels and power-to-gas. Applications of fuel cells for Carbon Capture and Storage are also addressed in depth.
Analysis of mass and energy balances through measurements and detailed system modelling
Simulation of large-scale power generation with Carbon Capture, adopting SOFC and MCFC + CCS power plant
Simulation of reversible solid oxide systems (rSOC) for grid management and energy storage in presence of fluctuating renewables
Simulation of reversible molten carbonate systems (rMCC) with coupled renewables and natural gas grid connection
Hydrogen production from fossil fuels and co-production of hydrogen and electricity with CO2 capture
Hydrogen production through membrane fuel processors
Hydrogen production through low- and high-temperature electrolysis, focusing on Power-to-Gas (P2G) applications for energy storage and sector coupling (NG grid injection)
High-efficiency hydrogen liquefaction
Power-to-Hydrogen (P2H) and Power-to-Gas (P2G)
Long-term potential for surplus electricity recovery from RES at the regional and country scale
P2G and PV/wind coupling optimisation, dynamic operation, competition with other fast-ramping technologies
Hydrogen blending in natural gas pipelines and quality tracking
Integration of the electric grid with BEV and H2-FCEV mobility (multi-nodal modeling at country scale, dispatch modeling, storage system analysis; driving cycle simulations for light and heavy duty vehicles)
Assessment and comparison of hydrogen delivery modes