Multi-Energy Systems and MicroGrids

In a world striving to reduce the environmental impact of energy production, intelligent Energy Management Systems (EMS) can play a key role in increasing energy production and consumption efficiency, and facilitate the integration of renewable energy sources within conventional generation systems. EMS can locally handle the supply of different energy services, controlling renewable and conventional distributed energy resources, storage systems, and dispatchable loads to exploit internal synergies and minimise operation cost and / or environmental impact. Our objective is to devise the architecture of advanced multi-energy microgrids, and develop dispatch optimisation algorithms that can ensure optimal and reliable performances.

The GECOS group has developed an inter-departmental laboratory to test and analyse microgrids performance. Check out our Multi-Good Micro-Grid Laboratory (MG2Lab)

Cogeneration, trigeneration and multigeneration

GECOS group has a long history in designing distributed generation systems for the combined production of electricity, heat and cooling.

Development and testing of innovative distributed energy devices

Techno-economic assessment of complex  systems and development of user-friendly tools for energy assessment (CHP design web app)

Advanced optimisation algorithms and control logic to identify the best operational strategy in complex systems

Collaboration with energy services providers to deploy and field test our solutions

Recently, our know-how has extended to multi-energy systems, where generic goods that can represent services, energy fluxes or actual products are exchanged and converted into one another within a local microgrid.

The future of electricity is digital!

The increasing electrification of our society (involving transports, HVAC systems, and most of domestic and non-domestic appliances), and the diffuse digitalisation of control systems, offers great opportunities for integrated energy production and consumption management. Our research focuses on:

Integration of Electric Vehicles (EV) recharge stations in multi-energy microgrids

Collective management of distributed demand (aggregators) and generation (virtual power plants)

Home automation and high-penetration renewable energy domestic systems

Microgrids for rural development

GECOS group has been active for many years in the field of rural electrification and development focusing on:

Design and operation optimisation of islanded microgrids for the electrification of remote locations

Exploitation of local resources (biomass, solar, wind) to provide electricity and services, like water potabilization

Strategic evaluation of investments in microgrids considering competition with grid-extension planning and electric demand evolution

For further information, please contact Prof. Giampaolo Manzolini (

Want to know more about the high efficiency cogeneration regulatory framework in Italy?

Have a look at this incentives guideline summary proposed by GECOS.
For additional information, please contact Ing. Nicola Fergnani (

Related Projects

Recent publications

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Di Marcoberardino, G; Chiarabaglio, L; Manzolini, G; Campanari, S

A Techno-economic comparison of micro-cogeneration systems based on polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell for residential applications Journal Article

Applied Energy, 239 , pp. 692–705, 2019.

Links | BibTeX

Moretti, L; Astolfi, M; Vergara, C; Macchi, E; Pérez-Arriaga, J I; Manzolini, G

A design and dispatch optimization algorithm based on mixed integer linear programming for rural electrification Journal Article

Applied Energy, 233-234 , pp. 1104–1121, 2019.

Links | BibTeX

Prina, M G; Lionetti, M; Manzolini, G; Sparber, W; Moser, D

Transition pathways optimization methodology through EnergyPLAN software for long-term energy planning Journal Article

Applied Energy, pp. 356–368, 2019.

Links | BibTeX

Colbertaldo, P; Agustin, S B; Campanari, S; Brouwer, J

Impact of hydrogen energy storage on California electric power system: Towards 100% renewable electricity Journal Article

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 44 (19), pp. 9558–9576, 2019, ISSN: 03603199.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX


Foresti, S; Manzolini, G

Optimization of PEM Fuel Cell Operation with High-purity Hydrogen Produced by a Membrane Reactor Journal Article

Fuel Cells, 18 (3), pp. 335–346, 2018.

Links | BibTeX

Di Marcoberardino, G; Manzolini, G; Guignard, C; Magaud, V

Optimization of a micro-CHP system based on polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell and membrane reactor from economic and life cycle assessment point of view Journal Article

Chemical Engineering and Processing – Process Intensification, 131 , pp. 70–83, 2018.

Links | BibTeX

Foresti, S; Di Marcoberardino, G; Manzolini, G; De Nooijer, N; Gallucci, F; van Sint Annaland, M

A comprehensive model of a fluidized bed membrane reactor for small-scale hydrogen production Journal Article

Chemical Engineering and Processing – Process Intensification, 127 , pp. 136–144, 2018.

Links | BibTeX

Mastropasqua, L; Campanari, S; Brouwer, J

Electrochemical Carbon Separation in a SOFC-MCFC Polygeneration Plant With Near-Zero Emissions Journal Article

Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, 140 (1), 2018.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Gabrielli, P; Gazzani, M; Martelli, E; Mazzotti, M

Corrigendum to “Optimal design of multi-energy systems with seasonal storage” [Appl. Energy (2017)] Journal Article

Applied Energy, 212 , pp. 720, 2018.

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Prina, M G; Cozzini, M; Garegnani, G; Manzolini, G; Moser, D; Filippi Oberegger, U; Pernetti, R; Vaccaro, R; Sparber, W

Multi-objective optimization algorithm coupled to EnergyPLAN software: The EPLANopt model Journal Article

Energy, 149 , pp. 213–221, 2018.

Links | BibTeX

62 entries « 1 of 7 »