Multi-Energy Systems and MicroGrids

In a world striving to reduce the environmental impact of energy production, intelligent Energy Management Systems (EMS) can play a key role in increasing energy production and consumption efficiency, and facilitate the integration of renewable energy sources within conventional generation systems. EMS can locally handle the supply of different energy services, controlling renewable and conventional distributed energy resources, storage systems, and dispatchable loads to exploit internal synergies and minimise operation cost and / or environmental impact. Our objective is to devise the architecture of advanced multi-energy microgrids, and develop dispatch optimisation algorithms that can ensure optimal and reliable performances.

The GECOS group has developed an inter-departmental laboratory to test and analyse microgrids performance. Check out our Multi-Good Micro-Grid Laboratory (MG2Lab)

Cogeneration, trigeneration and multigeneration

GECOS group has a long history in designing distributed generation systems for the combined production of electricity, heat and cooling.

Development and testing of innovative distributed energy devices

Techno-economic assessment of complex  systems and development of user-friendly tools for energy assessment (CHP design web app)

Advanced optimisation algorithms and control logic to identify the best operational strategy in complex systems

Collaboration with energy services providers to deploy and field test our solutions

Recently, our know-how has extended to multi-energy systems, where generic goods that can represent services, energy fluxes or actual products are exchanged and converted into one another within a local microgrid.

The future of electricity is digital!

The increasing electrification of our society (involving transports, HVAC systems, and most of domestic and non-domestic appliances), and the diffuse digitalisation of control systems, offers great opportunities for integrated energy production and consumption management. Our research focuses on:

Integration of Electric Vehicles (EV) recharge stations in multi-energy microgrids

Collective management of distributed demand (aggregators) and generation (virtual power plants)

Home automation and high-penetration renewable energy domestic systems

Microgrids for rural development

GECOS group has been active for many years in the field of rural electrification and development focusing on:

Design and operation optimisation of islanded microgrids for the electrification of remote locations

Exploitation of local resources (biomass, solar, wind) to provide electricity and services, like water potabilization

Strategic evaluation of investments in microgrids considering competition with grid-extension planning and electric demand evolution

For further information, please contact Prof. Giampaolo Manzolini (

Want to know more about the high efficiency cogeneration regulatory framework in Italy?

Have a look at this incentives guideline summary proposed by GECOS.
For additional information, please contact Ing. Nicola Fergnani (

Related Projects

Recent publications

62 entries « 6 of 7 »


Manzolini, G; Bellarmino, M; Macchi, E; Silva, P

Solar thermodynamic plants for cogenerative industrial applications in southern Europe Journal Article

Renewable Energy, 36 (1), pp. 235–243, 2011.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Roses, L; Gallucci, F; Manzolini, G; Campanari, S; Van Sint Annaland, M

Comparison between fixed bed and fluidized bed membrane reactor configurations for PEM based micro-cogeneration systems Journal Article

Chemical Engineering Journal, 171 (3), pp. 1415–1427, 2011.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX


Roses, L; Manzolini, G; Campanari, S

CFD simulation of Pd-based membrane reformer when thermally coupled within a fuel cell micro-CHP system Journal Article

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 35 (22), pp. 12668–12679, 2010.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Bombarda, P; Invernizzi, C M; Pietra, C

Heat recovery from Diesel engines: A thermodynamic comparison between Kalina and ORC cycles Journal Article

Applied Thermal Engineering, 30 (2-3), pp. 212–219, 2010.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX


Campanari, S; Macchi, E; Manzolini, G

Membrane reformer PEM cogeneration systems for residential applications - Part B: techno-economic analysis and system layout Journal Article

Asia-Pacific Journal of Chemical Engineering, 4 (3), pp. 311–321, 2009.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Campanari, S; Macchi, E; Manzolini, G

Membrane reformer PEM cogeneration systems for residential applications-Part A: full load and partial load simulation Journal Article

Asia-Pacific Journal of Chemical Engineering, 4 (3), pp. 301–310, 2009.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX


Campanari, S; Macchi, E; Manzolini, G

Innovative membrane reformer for hydrogen production applied to PEM micro-cogeneration: Simulation model and thermodynamic analysis Journal Article

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 33 (4), pp. 1361–1373, 2008.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX


Macchi, Ennio; Campanari, Stefano; Silva, Paolo

La microcogenerazione a gas naturale Book

Polipress, 2005, ISBN: 8873980163.



Consonni, S; Kreutz, T G

Black liquor gasifier/gas turbine cogeneration Journal Article

Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, 120 (3), pp. 442–449, 1998.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Larson, Eric D; Consonni, Stefano; Kreutz, Thomas G; Consonni, Stefano; Kreutz, Thomas G

Preliminary economics of black liquor gasifier/gas turbine cogeneration at pulp and paper mills Inproceedings

American Society of Mechanical Engineers (Paper), pp. 255–261, 1998.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

62 entries « 6 of 7 »