Multi-Energy Systems and MicroGrids

In a world striving to reduce the environmental impact of energy production, intelligent Energy Management Systems (EMS) can play a key role in increasing energy production and consumption efficiency, and facilitate the integration of renewable energy sources within conventional generation systems. EMS can locally handle the supply of different energy services, controlling renewable and conventional distributed energy resources, storage systems, and dispatchable loads to exploit internal synergies and minimise operation cost and / or environmental impact. Our objective is to devise the architecture of advanced multi-energy microgrids, and develop dispatch optimisation algorithms that can ensure optimal and reliable performances.

The GECOS group has developed an inter-departmental laboratory to test and analyse microgrids performance. Check out our Multi-Good Micro-Grid Laboratory (MG2Lab)

Cogeneration, trigeneration and multigeneration

GECOS group has a long history in designing distributed generation systems for the combined production of electricity, heat and cooling.

Development and testing of innovative distributed energy devices

Techno-economic assessment of complex  systems and development of user-friendly tools for energy assessment (CHP design web app)

Advanced optimisation algorithms and control logic to identify the best operational strategy in complex systems

Collaboration with energy services providers to deploy and field test our solutions

Recently, our know-how has extended to multi-energy systems, where generic goods that can represent services, energy fluxes or actual products are exchanged and converted into one another within a local microgrid.

The future of electricity is digital!

The increasing electrification of our society (involving transports, HVAC systems, and most of domestic and non-domestic appliances), and the diffuse digitalisation of control systems, offers great opportunities for integrated energy production and consumption management. Our research focuses on:

Integration of Electric Vehicles (EV) recharge stations in multi-energy microgrids

Collective management of distributed demand (aggregators) and generation (virtual power plants)

Home automation and high-penetration renewable energy domestic systems

Microgrids for rural development

GECOS group has been active for many years in the field of rural electrification and development focusing on:

Design and operation optimisation of islanded microgrids for the electrification of remote locations

Exploitation of local resources (biomass, solar, wind) to provide electricity and services, like water potabilization

Strategic evaluation of investments in microgrids considering competition with grid-extension planning and electric demand evolution

For further information, please contact Prof. Giampaolo Manzolini (

Want to know more about the high efficiency cogeneration regulatory framework in Italy?

Have a look at this incentives guideline summary proposed by GECOS.
For additional information, please contact Ing. Nicola Fergnani (

Related Projects

Recent publications

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Mazzola, S; Vergara, C; Astolfi, M; Li, V; Perez-Arriaga, I; Macchi, E

Assessing the value of forecast-based dispatch in the operation of off-grid rural microgrids Journal Article

Renewable Energy, 108 , pp. 116–125, 2017.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Astolfi, M; Mazzola, S; Silva, P; Macchi, E

A synergic integration of desalination and solar energy systems in stand-alone microgrids Journal Article

Desalination, 419 , pp. 169–180, 2017.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Lazzaroni, E; Elsholkami, M; Martelli, E; Elkamel, A

Design and simulation of a petcoke gasification polygeneration plant integrated with a bitumen extraction and upgrading facility and net energy analysis Journal Article

Energy, 141 , pp. 880–891, 2017.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Zatti, M; Martelli, E; Amaldi, E

A three-stage stochastic optimization model for the design of smart energy districts under uncertainty Journal Article

Computer Aided Chemical Engineering, 40 , pp. 2389–2394, 2017.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Gabrielli, P; Gazzani, M; Martelli, E; Mazzotti, M

A MILP model for the design of multi-energy systems with long-term energy storage Journal Article

Computer Aided Chemical Engineering, 40 , pp. 2437–2442, 2017.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Guandalini, G; Robinius, M; Grube, T; Campanari, S; Stolten, D

Long-term power-to-gas potential from wind and solar power: A country analysis for Italy Journal Article

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 42 (19), pp. 13389–13406, 2017.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX


Mastropasqua, Luca; Campanari, Stefano; Valenti, Gianluca; Guariniello, Anna; Modena, Stefano; Ghigliazza, Francesco

Testing and Preliminary Modelling of a 2.5 kW Micro-CHP SOFC Unit Inproceedings

ASME 2016 14th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, pp. V001T04A003, ASME, 2016, ISBN: 978-0-7918-5024-4.

Links | BibTeX

Foresti, S; Manzolini, G

PEM fuel cells stack protection from CO-poisoning in a m-CHP system with membrane reformer Inproceedings

WHEC 2016 - 21st World Hydrogen Energy Conference 2016, Proceedings, pp. 755–756, 2016.

Links | BibTeX

Di Marcoberardino, G; Roses, L; Manzolini, G

Technical assessment of a micro-cogeneration system based on polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell and fluidized bed autothermal reformer Journal Article

Applied Energy, 162 , pp. 231–244, 2016.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Guandalini, G; Foresti, S; Campanari, S; Coolegem, J; Ten Have, J

Modeling of 2-MW co-generative PEM fuel cell for hydrogen recovering from Chlorine industry Inproceedings

WHEC 2016 - 21st World Hydrogen Energy Conference 2016, Proceedings, pp. 428–430, 2016.

Links | BibTeX

62 entries « 3 of 7 »