Multi-Energy Systems and MicroGrids

In a world striving to reduce the environmental impact of energy production, intelligent Energy Management Systems (EMS) can play a key role in increasing energy production and consumption efficiency, and facilitate the integration of renewable energy sources within conventional generation systems. EMS can locally handle the supply of different energy services, controlling renewable and conventional distributed energy resources, storage systems, and dispatchable loads to exploit internal synergies and minimise operation cost and / or environmental impact. Our objective is to devise the architecture of advanced multi-energy microgrids, and develop dispatch optimisation algorithms that can ensure optimal and reliable performances.

The GECOS group has developed an inter-departmental laboratory to test and analyse microgrids performance. Check out our Multi-Good Micro-Grid Laboratory (MG2Lab)

Cogeneration, trigeneration and multigeneration

GECOS group has a long history in designing distributed generation systems for the combined production of electricity, heat and cooling.

Development and testing of innovative distributed energy devices

Techno-economic assessment of complex  systems and development of user-friendly tools for energy assessment (CHP design web app)

Advanced optimisation algorithms and control logic to identify the best operational strategy in complex systems

Collaboration with energy services providers to deploy and field test our solutions

Recently, our know-how has extended to multi-energy systems, where generic goods that can represent services, energy fluxes or actual products are exchanged and converted into one another within a local microgrid.

The future of electricity is digital!

The increasing electrification of our society (involving transports, HVAC systems, and most of domestic and non-domestic appliances), and the diffuse digitalisation of control systems, offers great opportunities for integrated energy production and consumption management. Our research focuses on:

Integration of Electric Vehicles (EV) recharge stations in multi-energy microgrids

Collective management of distributed demand (aggregators) and generation (virtual power plants)

Home automation and high-penetration renewable energy domestic systems

Microgrids for rural development

GECOS group has been active for many years in the field of rural electrification and development focusing on:

Design and operation optimisation of islanded microgrids for the electrification of remote locations

Exploitation of local resources (biomass, solar, wind) to provide electricity and services, like water potabilization

Strategic evaluation of investments in microgrids considering competition with grid-extension planning and electric demand evolution

For further information, contact Prof. Giampaolo Manzolini at

Want to know more about the high efficiency cogeneration regulatory framework in Italy?

Have a look at this incentives guideline summary proposed by GECOS
For additional information please contact Ing. Nicola Fergnani at

Related Projects

Recent publications

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Colbertaldo, Paolo; Guandalini, Giulio; Campanari, Stefano

Modelling the integrated power and transport energy system: The role of power-to-gas and hydrogen in long-term scenarios for Italy Journal Article

Energy, 154 , pp. 592–601, 2018, ISSN: 03605442.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Prina, M G; Fanali, L; Manzolini, G; Moser, D; Sparber, W

Incorporating combined cycle gas turbine flexibility constraints and additional costs into the EPLANopt model: The Italian case study Journal Article

Energy, 160 , pp. 33–43, 2018.

Links | BibTeX


Viviente, J L; Meléndez, J; Pacheco Tanaka, D A; Gallucci, F; Spallina, V; Manzolini, G; Foresti, S; Palma, V; Ruocco, C; Roses, L

Advanced m-CHP fuel cell system based on a novel bio-ethanol fluidized bed membrane reformer Journal Article

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 42 (19), pp. 13970–13987, 2017.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Di Marcoberardino, G; Manzolini, G

Investigation of a 5 kW micro-CHP PEM fuel cell based system integrated with membrane reactor under diverse EU natural gas quality Journal Article

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 42 (19), pp. 13988–14002, 2017.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Martelli, E; Elsido, C; Mian, A; Marechal, F

MINLP model and two-stage algorithm for the simultaneous synthesis of heat exchanger networks, utility systems and heat recovery cycles Journal Article

Computers and Chemical Engineering, 106 , pp. 663–689, 2017.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Foresti, S; Manzolini, G; Escribano, S

Experimental investigation of PEM fuel cells for a m-CHP system with membrane reformer Journal Article

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 42 (40), pp. 25334–25350, 2017.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Elsido, C; Bischi, A; Silva, P; Martelli, E

Two-stage MINLP algorithm for the optimal synthesis and design of networks of CHP units Journal Article

Energy, 121 , pp. 403–426, 2017.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Mastropasqua, L; Campanari, S; Brouwer, J

Electrochemical Carbon separation in a SOFC-MCFC polygeneration plant with near-zero emissions Inproceedings

Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo, 2017, ISBN: 9780791850831.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Di Marcoberardino, G; Binotti, M; Manzolini, G; Viviente, J L; Arratibel, A; Roses, L; Gallucci, F

Achievements of European projects on membrane reactor for hydrogen production Journal Article

Journal of Cleaner Production, 161 , pp. 1442–1450, 2017.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Mastropasqua, L; Campanari, S; Brouwer, J

Solid oxide fuel cell short stack performance testing - Part A: Experimental analysis and $mu$-combined heat and power unit comparison Journal Article

Journal of Power Sources, 371 , pp. 225–237, 2017, ISSN: 03787753.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

62 entries « 2 of 7 »